Pre-Trip Inspection Class A

Pre-Trip Inspection Class A Items and Video

Truck will have 89 items to be checked on a truck with 2 axles and 2 trailer axles. You must tell the tester what you are checking each part for. You will have to check each axle as outlined. There is no order or sequence to the test. If you miss a part, you can go back and identify it. You can identify a part by a different name, as long as the tester knows what you are referring to. You are getting graded that you know what to check each part for, not that you know the names of the parts.

This order starts in the engine compartment and inspects only the axles on the driver’s side of the truck. The test requires you to only inspect the driver side unless the item is only on the passenger side (parts in engine compartment, exhaust).

Engine Compartment

  1. Oil Level
    1. make sure level is between add and full
  2. Coolant Level
    1. level is sufficient for operation, between hot and cold mark
  3. Power Steering
    1. level is between add and full
    2. must say that it is gear powered, working properly
    3. not leaking, securely mounted
  4. Water Pump
    1. securely mounted, bolts tight, not leaking
    2. belt, not cracked or frayed, tension is between ½” and ¾”
  5. Alternator
    1. securely mounted, bolts tight
    2. wire secure into back of alternator
    3. belt, not cracked or frayed, tension is between ½” and ¾”
  6. Air Compressor
    1. secure to engine, bolts tight, hoses secure
    2. must say that it is gear driven
    3. works properly, not leaking
  7. Leaks
    1. check under vehicle for oil puddles
    2. check bottom of motor for leaks
  8. Hoses
    1. check hoses for splits, cuts
    2. make sure all clamps are tight
    3. check all hoses for leaks
    4. make sure to check both sides of engine for leaks/hoses

Front Truck Axle

  1. Steering Box
    1. secure, bolts tight
    2. not leaking
  2. Steering Box Hoses
    1. not cut, pinched or leaking
    2. fittings are secure not cracked or broken
  3. Steering Linkage
    1. not bent, bolts tight, no cracks, cotter pins in place, sockets are not worn or loose
    2. must check from steering box to wheel
  4. Springs
    1. none broken
    2. all in alignment
    3. not shifted
  5. U-bolts
    1. nuts tight
    2. not broke or rusted
    3. not shifted
  6. Spring Mounts
    1. check front and rear mount for cracks, rust
    2. check for tight or missing bolts
    3. make sure bushings are not torn or missing
  7. Shock Absorber
    1. straight
    2. bolts tight
    3. not leaking
  8. Brake Hose
    1. not kinked, cut, swollen or leaking
  9. Brake Hose Fittings
    1. fittings secure
    2. not bent, broke or leaking
  10. Brake Chamber
    1. securely mounted, bolts tight
    2. not cracked dented, rusted or leaking
    3. clamp is secure, tight and in place
  11. Slack Adjuster
    1. pins in place holding slack adjuster to push rod
    2. straight, not broken
  12. Push Rod
    1. no more than 1”adjustment (movement) on the push rod
  13. Brake Drum
    1. no holes, cracks or wields
    2. smooth surface, not dented
    3. no signs of grease or oil
  14. Brake Linings
    1. shoes are sufficient, more than ¼” pad
    2. no cracks, no chipped pads
    3. no fluid, grease or oil
  15. Tire
    1. 4/32” tread depth
    2. no cuts or bubbles on side walls
    3. check top of tire for even wear and flat spots
    4. check pressure with gauge
    5. check valve stem is not cracked, broke, leaking or twisted and secured with cap
  16. Rim
    1. no cracks
    2. no rust
    3. not wielded
  17. Lug Nuts
    1. none missing
    2. not loose, no cracks or distorted lug bolt holes
    3. no signs of rust trails
  18. Wheel Seal
    1. not leaking
    2. no loose or missing bolts
    3. proper fluid level (if sight glass)

Side of Cab

  1. Door
    1. door hinges are secure, bolts tight
    2. handle works, no damage to side
    3. seal is in tack and not torn
    4. opens and closes properly
  2. Mirror
    1. securely mounted, brackets not damages, bolts in place
    2. mirror is not broke and clean
  3. Steps
    1. securely mounted, bolts
    2. no fluid or debris on steps
  4. Fuel Tank
    1. straps are secure
    2. cap is on tight
    3. must check tank & cap for leaking
  5. Exhaust System
    1. no signs of soot (leaking)
    2. securely mounted
    3. all clamps are tight
    4. must check hole exhaust system from turbo to top of stack

Rear of Cab

  1. Frame
    1. no cracks
    2. bolts are all tight
    3. must also check cross members for same
  2. Air Lines/Connections
    1. not pinched, cracked, swollen
    2. securely hanging, not rubbing
    3. not leaking
    4. metal fittings at tractor secure, not broken
    5. rubber grommets not dirty, pinched or leaking air
    6. f. metal fittings at trailer secure, not broken
  3. Electric Lines/Connections
    1. secure, plugged in tight (locked or latched if applicable)
    2. lines not repaired, taped, cut or pinched
    3. securely hanging, not rubbing on frame or cat walk
  4. Drive Shaft
    1. straight, no cracks, bolts are tight
    2. must check u-joint bolts and u-joint is free of foreign objects
  5. Cat Walk
    1. bolts are tight, not slippery
    2. no debris

Fifth Wheel

  1. Bolts
    1. none missing, all tight
  2. Bracket
    1. (bolted to frame) bolts tight, none are missing, not cracked
  3. Platform
    1. (raised area) no cracks or broken welds
  4. Release Arm
    1. in locked (all the way in) position, locking pin is secure if equipped
  5. Gap
    1. must check there is no gap between 5th wheel plate and trailer apron
  6. Skid Plate/5th Wheel
    1. not broke, dented, chipped, flat
    2. sufficiently greased
  7. Trailer Apron
    1. no holes, cracks, chipped and flat
  8. Locking Jaws
    1. look in back of 5th wheel to make sure that jaws are locked around king pin
  9. King Pin
    1. straight, not broke or chipped

Rear Truck Axle

  1. Springs
    1. none broken
    2. all in alignment
    3. not shifted
  2. U-bolts
    1. nuts tight
    2. not broke or rusted
    3. not shifted
  3. Spring Mounts
    1. check front and rear mount for cracks
    2. check for tight or missing bolts
    3. make sure bushings are not torn or missing
  4. Brake Hose
    1. not kinked, cut, swollen or leaking
  5. Brake Hose Fitting
    1. fitting is secure
    2. not bent, broke or leaking
  6. Brake Chamber
    1. securely mounted, bolts tight
    2. not cracked or rusted or leaking
    3. clamp is secure, tight and in place
  7. Slack Adjuster
    1. pins in place holding slack adjuster to push rod
    2. straight, not broken
  8. Push Rod
    1. no more than 1” adjustment (movement) on the push rod with brakes released (double chamber)
  9. Brake Drum
    1. no holes, cracks, or wields
    2. smooth surface, not dented
    3. no fluid, grease or oil
  10. Brake Linings
    1. shoes are sufficient, more than ¼” pad
    2. no cracked or chipped pads
    3. no fluid, grease or oil
  11. Tire
    1. 2/32” tread depth
    2. no cuts or bubbles on side walls
    3. check top of tire for even wear and flat spots
    4. check pressure with a gauge
    5. check valve stem is not cracked, secure, leaking or twisted and cap is in place
  12. Rim
    1. no cracks, no rust or wielded
  13. Lug Nuts
    1. none missing, not loose, no signs of rust trails
    2. no cracks or distorted lug bolt holes
  14. Axle Seal
    1. not leaking
    2. no loose or missing bolts
  15. Spacer/Between Tires
    1. must check there is no debris between tires
    2. tires are evenly spaced
    3. rims flush (butted) together

Trailer

  1. Frame
    1. no cracks or broken welds
    2. cross members are straight
    3. no holes in trailer floor
  2. Landing Gear
    1. fully raised
    2. no broken welds or cracks, bolts are tight on framing
    3. crank handle is secured
    4. feet are secure and not broken
  3. Header Board
    1. trailer front has no cracks, holes or dented
    2. will secure load in sudden stop
    3. no missing bolts or rivets

Front Rear Trailer Axle-treat same as truck axles

Rear of Trailer

  1. Ramps
    1. secure, up all the way
    2. no cracks, not bent
  2. Splash Guards
    1. mud flaps are not tore
    2. bolted securely

Cab Compartment/Engine Start (need to demonstrate all mechanisms)

  1. Clutch/Gearshift
    1. push in clutch & make sure shifter is in neutral before starting engine
    2. if automatic transmission make sure vehicle is in neutral
  2. Temperature
    1. check temperature gauge for operation and in safe range
  3. Voltmeter
    1. check voltmeter for operation and in safe range
    2. needle indicating charging
  4. Oil Pressure
    1. check oil pressure gauge for operation and in safe range
  5. Air Gauge
    1. working properly, pressure builds to 120 psi or governor cut out
  6. Steering Play
    1. check steering play for no more than 10 degrees or 2”
  7. Parking Brake
    1. must have air pressure built up and check parking brake by applying and putting truck in low gear and try to move (lug engine)
    2. must check both tractor and trailer parking brake individually
  8. Service Brake
    1. pull forward at 5 mph and stop with foot brake, check for no pull left or right
  9. Windshield
    1. must be clean
    2. no cracks, chips or stickers
    3. seal is secure with no leaks
  10. Mirrors
    1. no stickers
    2. mirrors are adjusted
    3. clean
  11. Wipers
    1. operate properly (must turn on)
    2. rubber blades are not cracked with good contact to windshield
    3. medal arms are secure, no damage
    4. washer fluid operates (squirts)
  12. Lighting Indicators
    1. on dash, check left & right turn arrow
    2. 4 way flashers
    3. high/low beam indicator
  13. Horn
    1. blow air and electric horn
  14. Heater
    1. must turn to hot and feel for air from vents
  15. Defroster
    1. turn on defroster to make sure they work properly
    2. feel for air to blow from vent at windshield
  16. Safety/Emergency Equipment
    1. must have fire extinguisher
      1. mounted
      2. charged
    2. Three triangles
      1. Red
      2. Reflective
    3. spare fuses or breakers (which ever truck is equipped with)
  17. Safety Belt
    1. must work properly, fit securely
      1. not cut, frayed or torn
      2. securely mounted at seat, shoulder and floor (all points)
  18. Air Brake Check-PASS FAIL ITEM ON TEST
    1. build air pressure to 120
    2. turn off engine then turn key to on position
    3. release both parking brakes (push in truck & trailer valves)
    4. apply foot brake & keep pressure and listen, applied for 1 minute-cannot lose more than 4 pounds in 1 minute (must hold for full, timed minute)
    5. say that low air buzzer will come on at 60 PSI, pump foot brake (fan) so buzzer will sound
    6. say that parking brake will pop out at approximately 30 PSI, pump foot brake (fan) so buttons pop

Lights—Amber on Front, Red on Rear (all lights, must say color and describe light condition)

  1. Lights (front of vehicle AMBER)-headlights (high & low beam), right/left turn signal, 4 way flashers, clearance, must turn on, clean, not broken, operating properly
  2. Lights (front side of tractor AMBER)-right/left turn signal, put on emergency, flashers, make sure working, amber lenses, not broken, clean
  3. Lights (rear of tractor RED)-right/left turn signal, put on 4 way flashers, clearance and brake lights, red lenses, not broken, clean
  4. Lights (front side of trailer AMBER)-must turn on, working properly, amber lenses, not broken, clean
  5. Lights (rear side of trailer RED)-must turn on, working properly, red lenses, not broken, clean
  6. Lights (rear of trailer RED)-must turn on, right/left turn signal, emergency flashers, clearance and brake lights, red lenses, not broken, clean